Diamond unearthed: shining light on community-driven Open Access publishing
The study examines the areas that are critical for OA diamond journals, from legal structures and governance to technical capabilities, editorial processes, and funding models. The report finds that diamond journals represent a vast archipelago of relatively small journals serving a wide variety of scientific communities. They largely depend on volunteer work, universities, and government funding.
Diamond journals are making headway towards Plan S compliance but face a number of operational challenges despite multiple scientific strengths. They need to be more efficiently organised, coordinated and funded to better support researchers in disseminating their work.
The study’s recommendations are to prepare an International Workshop and Symposium within 6 months, set up a funding strategy within 12 months, and establish a Diamond Publishing Capacity Center within 24 months. This may allow research funding organisations, institutions, scholarly societies, and infrastructures to sustainably strengthen OA diamond journals in the context of open science.
The study was commissioned by cOAlition S and funded by Science Europe in order to gain a better understanding of the Open Access diamond landscape. It is the culmination of work undertaken from June 2020 to February 2021 by a consortium of 10 organisations: OPERAS, SPARC Europe, Utrecht University, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, CSI, OASPA, DOAJ, Redalyc-AmeliCA, LIBER, ENRESSH.
The study in numbers:
- A survey of 94 questions in 6 languages
- Responses from >1600 journals
- 7000 free text submissions
- 3 focus groups of 11 journals
- 10 interviews with hosting platform
The study uncovers the full dimension of an important part of the world of scholarly dissemination that is as old as science itself: that of the scientific community assessing scientific quality and managing scholarly communication on its own.
— Lidia Borrell-Damián
Secretary-General of Science Europe.
Science Europe and cOAlition S publish an in-depth report and recommendations arising from a study of community-driven Open Access journals across the world that are free for readers and authors, usually referred to as 'OA diamond journals'.